Composition and Specifications

From 1793 to 1795, Liberty Cap Large Cents were struck on thick plancets with a weight of 13.48 grams (208 grains). Some issues of 1795 and all of 1796 were struck on thin planchets with a weight of 10.89 grams (168 grains). Those struck on thick planchets had a lettered edge, reading ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR, followed by a small leaf. The cents struck on thin planchets had a plain edge. All had a diameter of 29 mm and were struck out of pure copper.

Some issues of this type were struck on tokens of British origin, and various edge varieties are also known. Most planchets were imported from England by ship and many show corrosion, due to chemical reaction after exposure to sea water. Production quality varies, with many showing weakly struck devices, especially for the examples struck on thin planchets.